Friday, May 15, 2020

Mango Tree Uses, Benefits and Facts


Mango Tree : Come summer and most of us see terrible images of the sun bearing on us and making our lives miserable. But, is summer only about unbearable heat and nothing else? Not really, brings the 'king of fruits' with you for summer too - yes, everyone's favorite and delicious savory mango.

But, enjoying the health benefits of mangoes, have you ever thought about the importance of mango tree, the useful parts of mango tree and the use of mango tree?

The mango tree is an unbreakable part of Indian culture and customs and folklore. Considered sacred, Hindus believe that the mango tree is the abode of the gods. Therefore, they use mango leaves to decorate their house on auspicious occasions and while performing religious rituals.

Mango Tree
Mango Tree

From Kalidas to Amir Khusru to Mirza Ghalib, poets across India have discussed much about both the use of mango trees and the benefits of mangoes.

So, how did the mango tree and its fruit come to such an important place in our lives? Let's read to get more information about mango tree, mango tree usage and useful parts of mango tree.

The history of mango trees can be traced back to the Bronze Age, or about 4,000 years ago. Originally, common monks native to southern Asia, especially eastern India, were introduced by Buddhist monks to Southeast Asian countries. Later, it was brought to Africa by the Portuguese, from where the mango tree spread worldwide.

The English word 'mango' is an adaptation of the Malayalam name for the fruit, which is 'manga'. A member of the Anacardiaceae or cashew family, the scientific name of mango is Mangifera indica.

How to Grow Mango Plant ?

Although it can be difficult to grow, a mango tree can make an interesting specimen for a large pot on a deck or patio, or for indoor use. Under the right conditions, the plant forms a dense umbrella of long rectangular green leaves and rewards you with flowers in March and fruit after three to five months. Samples planted in the garden are more likely to bear fruit, but even a dwarf spotted mango can produce fruit if it gets plenty of light.

Mango Tree
Mango Tree

You can start a mango tree by planting seeds from a fruit, but if you want the tree to bear fruit, you should buy a grafted plant instead. The mango fruit you buy in the store is likely to be from the hybrid, so the plant grown from its seed will not be "true" and is likely to be fruitless (unable to bear the fruit). Many dwarf varieties of mango are available that will produce plant of manageable size rather than landscape versions that can often reach 60 to 100 feet.

However, it is difficult to know if it is difficult to survive an indoor mango plant for more than a few years, and it may never be mature enough to bear fruit. A mango tree in an outdoor garden or located on a deck or patio is generally somewhat better.

Your mango tree will require plenty of light and heat to keep it happy. This plant reacts very badly to a temperature of about 40 degrees F and will leave fruit when it is very cold. Indoors, it can be difficult to provide enough light for the plant to flourish.

Dwarf mango trees will also grow quite tall, so you have to consider when to choose a location for this. Dwarf mango is mostly grown in large pots, either indoors or in a deck or patio, in containers filled with loose, rich, well-watered soil. Do not expect your mango tree to blossom until it is four years or more old. In the second year, you can let it set the fruit, but be sure to share the plant, as it will get enough support when the fruit develops.


Mango plants require strong light but not direct sunlight. Once the plant starts growing, give it as little light as possible, including taking it out if possible. It requires at least six hours per day and preferably eight to 10 hours of sun. It is best if you can place it in the south-facing area. In winter, you may need to provide a developed light.


A rich, peat-based potting soil with excellent drainage is beneficial. If planting a mango plant in the garden, make sure that it is in the soil which can dry a little between watering.


Water regularly, several times a week in dry weather, but do not leave the plant to sit in wet soil with "wet feet". The mango plant, like many tropical fruits, grows alternately during wet and dry periods. The seeds need regular moisture to germinate.

Temperature and humidity

Plants like mango are over 50 percent humidity, so you may have to mist your plant daily. Keep your tree as warm as possible and always above 50 degrees. Mango plants cannot tolerate cold, and even at 40 degrees, any flower or fruit will fall. Mango tree can be grown outside in very hot climate where average temperature is 80 to 100 degree F. If your summer is hot enough, you can keep your indoor mango tree outdoors for the season.


Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season. Cut the fertilizer once a month or in winter. In the blooming season, use a fertilizer that is low in nitrogen and high in potassium and phosphorus.

Growing in containers

Most dwarf mangoes are typically 4 to 8 feet tall, making them ideal plants for the courtyard or deck. The best time to put them in containers is in the spring. Select a large container, at least 20 inches long and 20 inches wide with 20 good drainage holes. Mangoes require good drainage, so line the bottom of the pot with a layer of broken pots and gravel before adding a light, nutritious potting soil.

This will be a heavy vessel, so it is a good idea to place it on the rollers. Prepare the soil around the trunk with about 2 inches of organic mulch. Fertilize in early spring, and water again and again but do not let the soil get dirty. In the first year, sneeze the flower buds to encourage growth. Prune the plant in late winter or early spring to maintain a good shape and proportion to the pot.

Be patient; The mango tree will not produce fruit for at least the first four years.

Potting and Reporting

If you sprout mango seeds, do not put them in large containers until the start of the second growing season. Mangoes will grow very quickly (about four or five years) in small trees and may need to be remodeled when they become root-bound or top-heavy for pots.

Propagation of mango plants

Professional growers typically receive mango yields at rootstock, while backyard growers often use air-layering to disperse plants. In an indoor home setting, you can try sprinkling a mango seed with any fruit at the grocer shop. To sprout the seeds, very carefully remove the outer hairy husk to reveal the inner seed. "Polymbionic" plants will have many small seeds inside, while other plants will have just one seed. Like avocado seeds, this seed can be hung on water to grow roots, or it can be planted with a sprout in a sprouted clay pot. It should germinate within two weeks. Seeds need to be kept above 70 degrees F for sprouting and plenty of water should be given.

Varieties of mango

If you are growing from collected seeds, do not expect the fruit to be true to the parent plant, as is true in most hybrids. It is also likely that the propagated plant will be sterile and will not bear fruit, so it is best to buy a grafted dwarf mango variety if you want the fruit. Some good options:

'Pickering' grows into a shrubby tree. You can expect it to flower in late winter and bear fruit in summer.

'Ice Cream' makes a good plant for the courtyard, as it grows up to 6 feet. When ripened, the fruit is yellow-green rather than red.

'Cogshall' is considered an excellent choice for growing in containers and is said to produce continuous fruit.

Mango poisoning

Pollen of mango fruit, tree bark, and peels contain oily compounds that cause reactions similar to poison ivy in sensitive individuals. If you develop blisters after handling your mango plant, wear gloves in the future. Never burn wood, as toxic oil will be present in the smoke and can cause a severe reaction in sensitive people.


It takes three to five months for the fruit to ripen after the tree has flowered. The color of the ripe fruit depends on the variety. It is up to you to choose whether one way to test is to give it a sniff and see if it has a sweet scent. If you choose unnatural fruit, you can keep it in a paper bag for several days and for ripening. Pickle fruit is often used to make pickles.

Common Pests / Diseases

Some common pests, including mangobugs, aphids and mites, may suffer from pests. Signs of infection include small webs on plants, groups of white powdery residues or insects appearing on the plant. Treat infections as soon as possible to prevent them from spreading to the rest of your collection. As always, start with the least toxic treatment option first, progressing to more severe chemicals only if your initial attempts fail.

Mango plants are susceptible to anthracnose, a fungal disease that causes slowly spreading black sores. Severely infected trees stop bearing fruit. The best preventive measure is to apply a resistant variety in full sun where moisture will evaporate quickly. Excess humidity promotes anthracnose and other fungal diseases. Copper-based fungicides can sometimes be effective against anthracnose on mango plants, but they should not be used within 14 days of planned fruit harvest.

Mango Tree uses and Health Benefits

The mango tree is over 100 years old, and during this time, it bestows its valuable gifts over many generations.

When considering the useful parts of the mango tree, one can say that almost every part of the tree is useful to humans in some way or the other. So, the use of the mango tree and many more - from being part of religious ceremonies to healing of diseases.

Health benefits of mango leaves

Mango leaves are soft and supple, when they are new and tender, and develop dark green and have a yellow color. These leaves are rich in Vitamin C, B and A. They are also rich in various other nutrients. Mango leaves have powerful antioxidant properties as they have high content of flavonoids and phenols.

1. Treatment of diabetes
Mango leaves are very useful for the treatment of diabetes. The tender leaves of the mango tree contain tannins called anthocyanidins, which help in treating early diabetes. The leaves are dried and ground, or used as an infusion to treat the same. It also helps in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy and diabetic retinopathy. Mango tea leaves are very good for this purpose. Soak the leaves in a cup of water overnight. Stress and drink this water to help relieve symptoms of diabetes. It also helps in treating hyperglycemia. The leaves contain a compound called 3beta-taraxerol, and ethyl acetate extracts that synergize with insulin to activate GLUT4 and stimulate the synthesis of glycogen.

2. Low Blood Pressure
These leaves help reduce blood pressure as they have hypotension properties. They help strengthen the blood vessels and treat the problem of varicose veins.

3. Treats restlessness
For people suffering from anxiety due to anxiety, mango leaves provide a good home remedy. Mixing two to three glasses of mango leaf tea in bath water cures restlessness and refreshes the body.

4. Gall and kidney stones
Mango leaves help in treating kidney stones and gallstones. Daily intake of finely ground powder of mango leaves, which are dried in the shade, helps to break up the stones and take them out with water in a glass overnight.

5. Respiratory problems
Mango leaves are good for all types of respiratory problems. It is particularly useful for people suffering from cold, bronchitis and asthma. Drinking the decoction made by boiling mango leaves in water with a little honey helps to cure cough effectively. It also helps to correct voice deficiency.

6. Cures dysentery
They help a lot in treating hemorrhagic dysentery. The leaves dried in the shade should be powdered and then taken with water two to three times a day to prevent dysentery.

7. Earache
Ear pain can be quite annoying. Using this home remedy provides good relief. A teaspoonful of juice extracted from mango leaves relieves earache. Heat the juice a little before use.

8. Heel Burn
To cure burning sensation on the skin and scalp, burn a handful of mango leaves to ashes. Apply this ash to the affected area. It provides instant relief.

9. Treats hiccups and throat problems
Mango panna is a good home remedy if you are suffering from hiccups or throat problems. Burn a few mango leaves and remove the smoke. It helps to fix hiccups and throat problems.

10. Stomach Tonic
Pour some mango leaves in warm water, close the container with a lid, and leave it overnight. Sieve the water the next morning and drink it on an empty stomach. Regular intake of this infusion acts as a good stomach tonic and helps prevent various stomach diseases.

Health Benefits of Mango

The most eaten part of the mango tree is its fruit. Mango is not only a sweet and juicy delight, but also has therapeutic properties. Here's how a mango a day can help you stay healthy:
  • Prevents anemia: Mango is rich in iron. Consuming sufficient mangoes helps to increase iron levels. Also, vitamin C present in mangoes increases the absorption of iron.
  • Improves digestion: Disorders of the digestive system are a major cause of poor health. Being rich in fiber and polyphenols, they consume mangoes to reduce constipation and inflammation of the intestines.
  • Helps in gaining weight: Many individuals find it difficult to gain weight. According to Ayurveda, consuming mangoes with milk helps to nourish the body and increase weight.
  • Enhances immunity: Apart from vitamin C, mango also contains folate, zinc and vitamin B6. All these contribute a lot to strengthen the immune system and enhance our immunity.
  • Improves eye sight: Do you know why mango pulp has a yellow color? This is due to the presence of an abundance of carotenoids that help improve eye sight.
  • Keeps the heart healthy: Research suggests that low selenium levels are associated with increased risk of heart disease. Mango is a good source of selenium and B6, both promoting heart health.
  • Has an anti-cancer effect: Mangiferin, the natural polyphenol present in mangoes, exhibits anticancer properties. Khurana et al stated in their study 'Mangiferin: a promising anticancer bioactive' published in the journal 'Future Science' on 18 April 2016, that mangiferin helps prevent cancer progression. They also say that this polyphenol has antioxidant properties, which reduces oxygen free radicals and reduces DNA damage.

Facts About Mango Tree

  • What are mangoes? Mangoes are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They are the juicy, fragrant fruit of an evergreen tree (Mangifera indica), a member of the cashew family (Anacardaceae) of flowering plants.
  • Botanically, the mango is an alcoholic, which has an outer skin, a fleshy edible part, and a central stone enclosing a single seed - also known as a plum, cherry, or peach-like stone fruit.
  • Where do mangoes come from? Mangoes were first grown in India 5,000 years ago.
  • Mango seeds from Asia with humans from the Middle East, East Africa, and South America, with about 300 or 400 A.D.
  • Paisley pattern developed in India, is based on the shape of a mango.
  • A basket of mangoes is considered a sign of friendship in India.
  • Mango is a symbol of love in India.
  • Legend says that Buddha meditated under the calm shade of a mango tree.
  • Mangoes are related to cashew and pistachios.
  • A ripe mango is known to have a sugar ratio of 28% with 14% sugar by weight and 0.5% acid by weight.
  • Spanish explorers brought mangoes to South America and Mexico in the 1600s. The first attempt to bring mangoes to America came to Florida in 1833.
  • The mango species name is Mangify indica, which means "Indian plant growing mangoes."
  • Mango bark, leaves, skin, flesh, and pits have been used in folk remedies for centuries.
Mango Tree : Hope you liked our post on the Mango Tree Uses, Benefits and Facts. Have you ever used mango tree for medicinal purposes? How was the experience? Share with us in the comments section below!